2016 Census analysis for Greater Perth – July 2017

Snapshot of Census 2016 for Greater Perth vs. Australia

Greater Perth Australia
2016 2011 Increase 2016 2011 Increase
Population 1,943,858 1,728,867 12.4% 23,401,892 21,507,717 8.8%
Median Age 36 36 38 37 +1 Year
Median household income $1,643 $1,459 12.6% $1,438 $1,234 16.5%
Median weekly rent $360 $320 12.5% $335 $285 17.5%
Median monthly mortgage $2,000 $2,000 0.0% $1,755 $1,800 -2.5%
Occupied private dwellings 690,284 627,096 10.1% 8,286,073 7,760,320 6.8%
Separate house 76.9% 78.6% -1.7 pp 72.9% 75.6% -2.7 pp
Semi/townhouse etc 16.0% 11.9% +4.1 pp 12.7% 9.9% +2.8 pp
Flat/unit/apartment 6.6% 9.1% -2.5 pp 13.1% 13.6% -0.5 pp

Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

  • The ‘average’ person living in Greater Perth is:
    • Female
    • 6 years old
    • Married or in a couple family with children
    • Born in Australia, with one or both parents born overseas
    • Speaking only English at home
    • Earning a personal weekly income of $728, family income of $1,955, and household income of $1,643
    • Living in a stand-alone house with 4 or more bedrooms
    • Paying a mortgage of $2,000 per month or rent of $360 per week
  • Despite a recent population growth slow-down, the population in Greater Perth increased by 12.4% over the five years between the 2011 and 2016 Census’, compared with an 8.8% increase nationally.
  • At 36 the median age has not changed since the 2011 Census, but is 2 years lower than the national median age.
  • The 65+ years age group were the fastest growing cohort, increasing by 24.4% over the five years since the 2011 Census, almost double the population growth overall.
  • The average number of people per household is 2.6.
  • Family structure and dwelling composition is little changed over the period 2011 to 2016.
  • There has been a large increase in the number of townhouses/semi-detached houses/terraces since 2011. However, the average number of bedrooms remains the same at 3.3.
  • A smaller proportion of dwellings are rented in Greater Perth than in Australia as a whole, 26.7% compared with 30.9%, possibly reflective of more affordable housing.
  • While the proportion of dwellings owned outright is lower in Greater Perth, there is a significantly higher percentage of dwellings which are owned with a mortgage – 41.9% compared with 34.5% nationally.
  • Median income levels are higher in Greater Perth than in Australia, but growth has been lower over the five years since 2011.

2016 POPULATION – GREATER PERTH

The total population of Greater Perth was 1,943,858.

Gender

  • 50.4% female
  • 49.6% male

Age Profile

The most prominent age groups are 25-44 years (29.8%) and 45-64 years (24.3%). The median age is 36 years, compared with the median age in Australia of 38 years.

Age Profile

2016 2011 Increase in Population
0-14 years 19.1% 19.2% 11.4%
15-24 years 13.0% 14.3% 2.70%
25-44 years 29.8% 29.3% 14.7%
45-64 years 24.3% 24.7% 10.2%
65+ years 13.8% 12.5% 24.4%
Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The 65+ age group was the fastest growing age group, while people aged 15-24 years experienced the lowest growth, thus highlighting the ageing population in Greater Perth.

2016 FAMILY STRUCTURE – GREATER PERTH

PVA-Greater-perth-ABS-PVA-Research

Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The average number of persons per household is 2.6, which is the same as Western Australia and Australia in total. Family households account for 73.0% of all households, with 37.5% couple families without children; 46.3% couple families with children; 14.5% one parent families; and 1.8% other family structures. Of the single parent families, 82.1% are female and 17.9% are male.

DWELLINGS

Dwelling Structure

In 2016 there were 776,014 dwellings in Greater Perth, of which 85,730 were unoccupied (11.0%). This unoccupied proportion has increased from 9.6% in the 2011 Census and is in line with the national average of 11.2%. The number of occupied dwellings has increased by 10.1%, compared with an increase of 6.1% nationally. Of the occupied dwellings:

PVA Dwellings ABS PVA Research

Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

Separate houses are the most prominent dwelling type (76.9%). The predominant growth in dwelling structure over the five year period is that of townhouses/semi-detached housing/terraces, which has grown from 9.1% of occupied dwellings to 16.0% between 2011 and 2016.

PVA Number of Bedrooms

Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The most prominent number of bedrooms is four or more (45.2%), and the average number of bedrooms per dwelling remained the same over the five years to 2016 at 3.3.

PVA-Tenure-ABS-PVA-Research

Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The most prominent tenure type is owned with mortgage (41.9%). The number of dwellings owned with a mortgage has increased since 2011 by 15.9%.

INCOMES

The following table shows median weekly income levels in 2016, which in Greater Perth are higher than both state and national averages.

Median Weekly Incomes

Greater Perth Western Australia Australia
Personal $728 $724 $662
Family $1,955 $1,910 $1,734
Household $1,643 $1,595 $1,438
Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

While the median incomes in Greater Perth are still higher than national median incomes, growth has been slower than Australia as a whole since 2011. Personal, family and household incomes increased by 8.8%, 9.8% and 12.6% respectively in Greater Perth, and by 14.7%, 17.1% and 16.5% nationally.

For more information on the 2016 Census results go to ABS Census 2016.

Gavin Chapman – Managing Director
gavin.chapman@pvawa.com.au
(08) 6500 3600

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