Snapshot of Census 2016 for Greater Perth vs. Australia

Greater PerthAustralia
Median Age3636-3837+1 Year
Median household income$1,643$1,45912.6%$1,438$1,23416.5%
Median weekly rent$360$32012.5%$335$28517.5%
Median monthly mortgage$2,000$2,0000.0%$1,755$1,800-2.5%
Occupied private dwellings690,284627,09610.1%8,286,0737,760,3206.8%
Separate house76.9%78.6%-1.7 pp72.9%75.6%-2.7 pp
Semi/townhouse etc16.0%11.9%+4.1 pp12.7%9.9%+2.8 pp
Flat/unit/apartment6.6%9.1%-2.5 pp13.1%13.6%-0.5 pp
Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research
  • The ‘average’ person living in Greater Perth is:
    • Female
    • 36 years old
    • Married or in a couple family with children
    • Born in Australia, with one or both parents born overseas
    • Speaking only English at home
    • Earning a personal weekly income of $728, family income of $1,955, and household income of $1,643
    • Living in a stand-alone house with 4 or more bedrooms
    • Paying a mortgage of $2,000 per month or rent of $360 per week
  • Despite a recent population growth slow-down, the population in Greater Perth increased by 12.4% over the five years between the 2011 and 2016 Census’, compared with an 8.8% increase nationally.
  • At 36 the median age has not changed since the 2011 Census, but is 2 years lower than the national median age.
  • The 65+ years age group were the fastest growing cohort, increasing by 24.4% over the five years since the 2011 Census, almost double the population growth overall.
  • The average number of people per household is 2.6.
  • Family structure and dwelling composition is little changed over the period 2011 to 2016.
  • There has been a large increase in the number of townhouses/semi-detached houses/terraces since 2011. However, the average number of bedrooms remains the same at 3.3.
  • A smaller proportion of dwellings are rented in Greater Perth than in Australia as a whole, 26.7% compared with 30.9%, possibly reflective of more affordable housing.
  • While the proportion of dwellings owned outright is lower in Greater Perth, there is a significantly higher percentage of dwellings which are owned with a mortgage – 41.9% compared with 34.5% nationally.
  • Median income levels are higher in Greater Perth than in Australia, but growth has been lower over the five years since 2011.



The total population of Greater Perth was 1,943,858.


  • 50.4% female
  • 49.6% male

Age Profile

The most prominent age groups are 25-44 years (29.8%) and 45-64 years (24.3%). The median age is 36 years, compared with the median age in Australia of 38 years.

Age Profile

20162011Increase in Population
0-14 years19.1%19.2%11.4%
15-24 years13.0%14.3%2.70%
25-44 years29.8%29.3%14.7%
45-64 years24.3%24.7%10.2%
65+ years13.8%12.5%24.4%
Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The 65+ age group was the fastest growing age group, while people aged 15-24 years experienced the lowest growth, thus highlighting the ageing population in Greater Perth.



Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The average number of persons per household is 2.6, which is the same as Western Australia and Australia in total. Family households account for 73.0% of all households, with 37.5% couple families without children; 46.3% couple families with children; 14.5% one parent families; and 1.8% other family structures. Of the single parent families, 82.1% are female and 17.9% are male.


Dwelling Structure

In 2016 there were 776,014 dwellings in Greater Perth, of which 85,730 were unoccupied (11.0%). This unoccupied proportion has increased from 9.6% in the 2011 Census and is in line with the national average of 11.2%. The number of occupied dwellings has increased by 10.1%, compared with an increase of 6.1% nationally. Of the occupied dwellings:

PVA Dwellings ABS PVA Research

Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

Separate houses are the most prominent dwelling type (76.9%). The predominant growth in dwelling structure over the five year period is that of townhouses/semi-detached housing/terraces, which has grown from 9.1% of occupied dwellings to 16.0% between 2011 and 2016.


Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The most prominent number of bedrooms is four or more (45.2%), and the average number of bedrooms per dwelling remained the same over the five years to 2016 at 3.3.


Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

The most prominent tenure type is owned with mortgage (41.9%). The number of dwellings owned with a mortgage has increased since 2011 by 15.9%.


The following table shows median weekly income levels in 2016, which in Greater Perth are higher than both state and national averages.

Median Weekly Incomes

Greater PerthWestern AustraliaAustralia
Source: ABS, PVA(WA) Research

While the median incomes in Greater Perth are still higher than national median incomes, growth has been slower than Australia as a whole since 2011. Personal, family and household incomes increased by 8.8%, 9.8% and 12.6% respectively in Greater Perth, and by 14.7%, 17.1% and 16.5% nationally.

For more information on the 2016 Census results go to ABS Census 2016.


Gavin Chapman – Managing Director

(08) 6500 3600

Property Valuation & Advisory (WA)

Unit 2, 168 Stirling Highway, Nedlands WA 6009

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